National Outline for Medium and Long-term Education Reform and Development
TIME: 2013-10-16     CLICKS: 422

National Outline for Medium and Long-term Education Reform and Development (2010-2020)

Section One   An Overall Strategy
Chapter One   Guiding Principles and Working Policies
1.    Guiding principles
2.    Working policies
Chapter Two   Strategic Objectives and Themes
3.    Strategic objectives
4.    Strategic themes

Section Two   Development Tasks
Chapter Three   Preschool Education
5.    Basically universalizing preschool education
6.    Clearly defining government responsibilities
7.    Giving priority to rural preschool education
Chapter Four    Compulsory Education
8.    Improving the quality of Nine-year Compulsory Education(NYCE)
9.    Promoting a balanced development of compulsory education
10.    Relieving secondary and elementary school students of homework burdens
Chapter Five    Senior Secondary Education
11.    Accelerating the universalization of senior secondary education
12.    Enhancing the comprehensive quality of senior secondary school students
13.    Facilitating diversified development of senior secondary schools
Chapter Six   Vocational Education
14.    Vigorously developing vocational education
15.    Mobilizing the enthusiasm of industries and enterprises
16.    Expediting the development of rural vocational education
17. Strengthening the appeal of vocational education
Chapter Seven   Higher Education
18. Improving the quality of higher education in an all-round way
19. Raising the quality of talent cultivation
20. Upgrading research capacity
21. Intensifying social services
22. Optimizing the structures so as to achieve characteristics
Chapter Eight   Continuing Education
23.    Speeding up the development of continuing education
24.    Establishing sound systems and mechanisms of continuing education
25.    Building an open and flexible life-long education system
Chapter Nine   Ethnic Education     
26.    Attaching importance to and supporting ethnic education
27.    Fully improving the educational development level in ethnic regions
Chapter Ten    Special Education
28.    Caring for and supporting special education
29.    Perfecting the special education system
30.    Improving the safeguard mechanism of special education

Section Three   Institutional Reform
Chapter Eleven   Reform of the Personnel Training System
31.    Renewing the concept of personnel training
32.    Innovating the personnel training mode
33.    Reforming the quality evaluation system of education and personnel
Chapter Twelve   Reform of the Examination and Enrollment System
34.    Pushing forward the reform of the examination and enrollment system
35.    Improving the examination and enrollment system of secondary schools
36.    Improving the examination and enrollment system of  colleges and universities
37.    Strengthening the information disclosure and social supervision mechanism
Chapter Thirteen   Construction of the Modern School System
38.    Separating governments from schools and governance from administration
39.    Giving greater autonomy to schools
40.    Improving the modern university system with distinct Chinese characteristics
41.    Improving the school management system of secondary and elementary schools
Chapter Fourteen   Reform of the School-running System
42.    Further enhancing the reform of the school-running system
43.    Giving full support to privately-run schools
44.    Regulating privately-run schools according to law
Chapter Fifteen    Reform of the Management System
45.    Improving the education management system which features effective coordination and clarified rights and liabilities
46.    Strengthening the provincial governments’ comprehensive governance of education
47.    Transforming the government functions of education management
Chapter Sixteen   Expansion of the Opening Up of Education
48.    Intensifying international exchanges and cooperation
49.    Importing high-quality education resources
50.    Raising international exchanges and cooperation to a higher level

Section Four   Safeguards
Chapter Seventeen   Reinforcement of the Building of Teaching Staff
51.    Building a high-quality teaching staff
52.    Strengthening the moral construction of teachers
53.    Enhancing the professional skills of teachers
54.    Raising the status and treatment of teachers
55.    Improving the faculty management system
Chapter Eighteen   Ensurance of Financial Input
56.    Increasing education input
57.    Improving the input mechanism
58.    Strengthening the management of funds
Chapter Nineteen    Acceleration of the Process of Education Informatization
59.    Accelerating the infrastructure construction of education informatization
60.    Strengthening the development and application of high-quality education resources
61.    Building a national educational management information systems(EMIS)
Chapter Twenty   Promotion of Law-based Education
62.    Improving education laws and regulations
63.    Promoting administration by law in an all-round manner
64.    Vigorously advancing school-running by law
65.    Perfecting the educational supervision and accountability mechanism
Chapter Twenty-one    Major Projects and Pilot Reforms
66.    Organizing the implementation of major projects
67.    Organizing the launching of pilot reforms
Chapter Twenty-two   Strengthening of Organizational Leadership
68.    Strengthening and improving the leadership over the work of education
69.    Strengthening and advancing the Party building within the education system
70.    Maintaining the stability and harmony of the education system


Based on the strategic plan made in the 17th CPC National Congress of “giving priority to education and turning China into a country rich in human resources”, this Outline has been issued for the purpose of promoting the scientific development of the cause of education, improving the national quality in an all-round way and pushing forward the socialist modernization drive.

Being the cornerstone of national rejuvenation and social progress, education serves as an essential approach to improving the national quality and the overall development of men. Giving priority to education and upgrading its modernization level are of decisive significance for building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and turning China into a prosperous, democratic, culturally advanced and harmonious modern socialist country.

The CPC leaders, together with people from all walks of life, have always attached great importance to education. Since the foundation of the People’s Republic of China, under the leadership of Comrade Mao Zedong, Comrade Deng Xiaoping, Comrade Jiang Zemin and General Secretary Hu Jintao successively, an approach for educational development with Chinese characteristics has been identified and applied by the joint effort of the whole party and the whole society. We now boast the largest education system in the world, which guarantees the rights to education of the masses. Due to a substantial increase in educational expenditure, the operating conditions have been improved to a large extent, the education reforms are gradually deepening, and the management level is constantly rising. Entering the 21st century, major progress has been made in education equity: students in both urban and rural areas have access to free compulsory education, vocational education has been developing rapidly, higher education is generally popularized, and rural education is further enhanced. The development of education, which is important for scientific and technological innovation, cultural prosperity, and the upgrading of the national quality, has made irreplaceable contributions to our economic growth, social progress and the improvement of people’s livelihood. China has turned from a country large in population into one rich in human resources.

The world today is undergoing great changes and major adjustments. With the deepening of world multi-polarization and economic globalization, science and technology are advancing with each passing day, and competition for talents is intensifying. China is at a crucial stage of reform and development. As progress in economic, political, cultural, social and ecological development needs to be promoted in an all-round manner, industrialization, informatization, urbanization, marketilization and internationalization are gaining momentum, pressures of population increase, resource shortages and environmental degradation are growing, and the transformation of the economic development pattern requires to be accelerated, it is of great significance to improve the national quality and train innovative talents. The future development and the great rejuvenation of China rely on talents and education.

Facing unprecedented opportunities and challenges, we must be soberly aware that China’s education at the present stage still fails to fully meet the needs of the national economic and social development and those of the masses to receive good education.